The East is about ten years ahead of the West in terms of demographic development

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The East is about ten years ahead of the West in terms of demographic development

BKA President Holger Münch plans to turn various activities into an overall concept in some countries. „We believe that if you deal consistently with such people, it supports overall acceptance with immigrants in Germany, if you know that the state is consistently taking action against abuse,” said Münch in Mainz.

The BKA has not given the all-clear for possible dangers from Islamist terrorism. The number of radicalized people is still high and increasing, said Münch. He sees risks in immigrants, returnees from war and crisis areas as well as people who are released from prison after serving a sentence.

„We must pay particular attention to the risk of radicalization among immigrants in the next few years,” said Münch. „We see that in many cases when we look at the attack scenarios of recent years.” Most recently, 774 Islamist threats were counted for Germany.

Hamburg (dpa) – With a varied program that goes beyond all conventions, the American conductor Alan Gilbert made a celebrated debut as chief conductor of the NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchestra in the Elbphilharmonie.

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The smoothly played Brahms symphony was followed by the world premiere of „Frontispiece for orchestra”, which the NDR had commissioned from the Korean Unsuk Chin. With Leonard Bernstein’s second symphony „Jeremiah”, the program turned towards America. However, this deeply religious music was far removed from Bernstein’s drinkable Broadway swing. The mezzo-soprano Rinat Shaham, who stepped in at short notice, sang the Hebrew text with fervor and an operatic presence.

The centerpiece of the evening was Charles Ives' quiet „The Unanswered Question” for a trumpet, four flutes that hurled increasingly dissonant, excited motifs into the room, and almost inaudibly quiet strings. On the other hand, it was loud and onomatopoeic in „Amériques” by Edgard Varèse, in which the huge orchestra unleashed a lively, dissonant sound stream, including big city noises such as sirens and scraps of jazz music. A rapid end, cheers in the audience, bowing, departure – and when the conductor came back on stage, he toasted the audience with a glass of beer.

Berlin (dpa) – The Nobel Prize winner for literature Herta Müller is committed to the preservation of Thomas Mann’s villa in California’s Pacific Palisades.

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Müller supports an online petition by the Society for Exile Research, in which the Federal Republic is requested to purchase the house and expand it into a place of remembrance and encounter.

„We are following the reports of the upcoming sale and likely demolition of Thomas Mann’s villa in Los Angeles, California, built by Berlin architect Julius Ralph Davidson, with concern and concern,” said the letter published on Sunday. The place is of cultural and historical importance, „a place of resistance against National Socialism”.

The Mann family had lived in the house on San Remo Drive from 1942 after emigrating from Nazi Germany.123helpme.me The winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature Thomas Mann wrote his late work „Doctor Faustus” in Pacific Palisades. His famous radio speeches under the title „German Listeners!” he wrote here. „The house was central to the exchange of German intellectuals and artists living in California,” says the letter addressed to Chancellor Angela Merkel, Minister of State for Culture Monika Grütters (both CDU) and Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier (SPD) .

US presidential candidate Hillary Clinton published her tax return and put pressure on her rival Donald Trump. So far he has refused to reveal his data.

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Hillary Clinton and her husband, ex-President Bill Clinton, earned $ 10.6 million (around € 9.5 million) last year. That comes from a tax return published by the campaign of the democrat.  

34.2 percent tax paid

Accordingly, the Clintons paid a tax rate of 34.2 percent. As the Clintons' tax return further shows, the majority of their income – more than $ 6 million – came from speaking fees. These were for appearances that were mostly made before the politician’s presidential application started in April 2015. According to the information, the politician couple donated more than one million dollars to charity.

As reported by the New York Times, the Clintons made around $ 150 million between 2007 and 2015. During this time, the couple reportedly paid taxes of $ 48 million (around 43 million euros). More than 16 million dollars went to charity (around 14 million euros).

The Clintons are among the wealthiest Americans

With their income, the Clintons are clearly in the top 0.1 percent of the richest Americans. However, they pay a higher tax rate than many of their elite counterparts, according to an analysis by the independent Tax Foundation based on 2013 data.

The tax return publication is part of an effort to harm Trump by challenging the prominent businessman’s balance sheet. Trump has refused to make his tax returns public.

What does Trump have to hide?

In May he had sent a document on his financial situation to the electoral authority FEC. Trump stated that he found this document sufficient. However, this only contains a rough estimate of his assets and income.

In this document, the real estate mogul puts his fortune at more than ten billion dollars. However, this cannot be verified using independent sources. Forbes magazine estimates Trump’s fortune at $ 4.6 billion.

The Democrats speculate that the builder is withholding his tax return because he may have fewer assets than he claims, maybe because he pays little or no taxes, or because he donates little to charity.

Bill and Hillary Clinton made about $ 10.6 million together. (Source: Reuters)

Democrats speculate on explosive information from Trump

In recent history, all major US presidential candidates have published their tax returns.

With her strategy, Clinton copied one from US President Barack Obama, which he used against his rival Mitt Romney in 2012. Obama had repeatedly used Romney’s business practices against him and taken advantage of the Republican candidate’s unwillingness to publish certain tax records.

Clinton’s campaign also released tax returns from her runner-up candidate Tim Kaine and his wife Anne Holton. Accordingly, the Kaine couple donated 7.5 percent of their income to charity over the past ten years. In 2015, both paid an effective tax rate of 25.6 percent.

Kaine earned 314,000

Kaine reported a significantly lower income than the Clintons. In the past ten years, he and his wife earned the most in 2014, more than $ 314,000 gross.

Hillary Clinton has attempted to portray Trump as an out of touch business magnate, but her own sizable fortune has caused a stir. Republicans have referred to the millions of dollars in speeches and a 2014 Clinton comment. 

Brexit, terror, TTIP: a President Clinton would be good for Germany

In an interview, she said she was „completely broke” after leaving the White House in 2001 after her husband Bill’s term ended. Although the couple owed millions in legal fees, both quickly made significantly more money from book contracts, paid appearances, and consulting fees.

East Germany as a place of residence seems to be less attractive than the west. The population in the new federal states is shrinking faster and getting older. Since 1990 the new federal states have lost more than 2.3 million inhabitants. In the opinion of the President of the Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), Reint E. Gropp, East Germany is threatened with closure in the future due to a shortage of skilled workers. „There will be a thinning in small businesses,” said Gropp in an interview.

The problems caused by population decline and the increasing proportion of older people could at least be cushioned by immigration. According to forecasts by the Federal Statistical Office, every third East German will be 65 years of age or older by 2030.

Question: Is eastern Germany falling into a demographic trap?

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Reint E. Gropp: In any case, the demographic effects are much more drastic in East Germany than in West Germany and much more serious in the country than in the city. I believe that will be the greatest challenge in the next few decades. The economy is already suffering from the shortage of skilled workers and trainees. In some rural areas with severe population decline, new, productive businesses are rarely created. Small businesses will be thinned out, also because there are no successors. That could intensify the rural-urban migration.

How do you think one should react to these developments?

I believe that at some point politicians will have to have the courage to say that the infrastructure in sparsely populated areas cannot be maintained at the previous level over the long term. It is incredibly expensive to provide sewers or high-speed internet for very few people. I know that such an admission is difficult because so far we have been entitled to the same living conditions everywhere.

So away from the country?

I fear so in the medium term. You have to concentrate on the cities, especially in East Germany. They must become more attractive for the target group of well-educated young families with as many children as possible. They can probably only come from abroad because there is a shortage of skilled workers in the West too. It takes a lot of courage from politicians to make politics for a group that is not there yet and therefore has no vote in elections.

Then the demographic trap doesn’t snap when there is sufficient immigration in East Germany?

Immigration can slow down and cushion the process, but it doesn’t completely solve the problems. The asylum problem must be completely separated from immigration. It’s about becoming more attractive for young professionals, for high potentials. A culture has to be created that is conducive to immigration.

Pegida does the opposite. The confusion about asylum seekers and those wishing to immigrate is a major obstacle to the debate. For some it is about legitimate protection from persecution in their home countries, others are about people who could build a permanent future here because they are needed in the labor market. An immigration law could help, even if it is actually too late.

But why should migrants go to Rostock, Halle or Erfurt and not to the big cities in the west?

There are definitely some conditions that are better in Halle than in Frankfurt am Main, for example: It’s easier to find a nice, affordable apartment, the childcare offers are much better, there are more all-day schools and the quality of the schools is higher in some subjects than in the West. That makes East German cities attractive to well-educated couples, both of whom work.

Is the sharp decline in population just a curse, or does it also offer opportunities?

The East is about ten years ahead of the West in terms of demographic development. I also see opportunities in this. Unlike in Berlin, Munich or Frankfurt, the problems are already obvious. The new federal states could therefore become pioneers in developing and implementing solutions. For my taste, however, politicians still give far too little thought to it. By the way: The decline also has positive sides for qualified employees: wages will rise and there are more attractive job offers.

Special program in Baden-Württemberg: can they be protected from their tormentors? Ever more European, ever more educated: the number of immigrants to Germany at a record level

ABOUT THE PERSON: Prof. Reint E. Gropp (48) studied economics at the University of Freiburg and the University of Wisconsin in Madison (USA). In 1994 he completed his doctorate there. Before taking office as President of the Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) in November 2014, he was a professor at Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main. Before that he worked for the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank. He holds a chair for economics at the University of Magdeburg. Gropp is married and has two children.

Hamburg (dpa) – It seems as if the Elbphilharmonie wants to compete with the Sydney Opera House: since the opening on January 11, 2017, the years of quarrels about construction delays and cost increases have been blown away. Hamburg’s new landmark is world-famous and makes the city rise in the ranking of tourist guides. Even two years after its spectacular opening, the new concert hall on the Elbe is still a crowd puller and tickets are in great demand. This is also proven by the latest figures that the Hamburg cultural authority published in its response to a small inquiry from the CDU.

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Since the opening of the plaza, 8.5 million people have visited the public viewing platform at a height of 37 meters – up to 16,000 people per day.

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